Navigating Vocational Education in Germany

Embarking on vocational training in Germany is a transformative journey that opens doors to diverse career prospects. Understanding the key elements and advantages of vocational training can provide valuable insights for those seeking practical and specialized skills in a dynamic global economy.

What is Vocational Education?

Vocational education is a specialized training approach emphasizing practical skills directly applicable to specific trades or occupations. Unlike traditional academic routes, vocational training prioritizes hands-on learning, ensuring students gain practical experience alongside theoretical knowledge.. Collaboration with industry experts tailors programs to meet current workforce needs, enhancing graduates’ employability This educational model encompasses a broad spectrum of fields—from technology to culinary arts—offering diverse career paths. Notably, the dual system, as seen in Germany, integrates classroom learning with on-the-job training through apprenticeships. Contrary to misconceptions, vocational study isn’t limiting but a versatile gateway. Graduates can enter the workforce directly or pursue higher education, leveraging their practical skills. In essence, vocational courses bridges the gap between academia and industry, providing individuals with a pathway to thriving in their chosen professions.

The Need to Study Vocational Education in Germany

Choosing to pursue vocational training in Germany presents a compelling opportunity for career advancement and personal development. Germany’s commitment to a robust and specialized courses system makes it an ideal destination for those seeking practical skills and industry-relevant knowledge.


  1. Industry-Aligned Education: Studying vocational education in Germany ensures alignment with industry needs. Programs are meticulously designed in collaboration with employers, providing students with skills directly applicable to current workforce demands. This industry-focused approach enhances graduates’ competitiveness in the job market.
  2. Dual System Advantage: The German courses system’s unique dual system, integrating theoretical learning with hands-on experience through apprenticeships, is a distinctive advantage. This immersive approach equips students with not only theoretical knowledge but also practical proficiency, making them highly valuable to employers.
  3. Varied Career Paths: Germany’s diverse array of vocational education programs caters to an extensive range of fields—from technical and engineering disciplines to creative arts and healthcare. This diversity allows individuals to choose a path that aligns with their interests and aspirations, providing a customized route to their chosen career.
  4. Strong Economic Ties: Germany’s economic success is intertwined with its emphasis on skill development through vocational courses. Studying in this environment offers students the chance to be part of a thriving economy, where their specialized skills are not just valued but essential for sustaining Germany’s global leadership in various industries.
  5. Immediate Employability: One of the significant advantages of pursuing vocational learning in Germany is the immediate applicability of acquired skills in the job market. Graduates are well-prepared for their chosen professions, making them sought-after candidates for employment. This quick transition from education to employment is a key benefit of the German vocational study system.

The Need to Study Vocational Training in Germany

  1. Technical and Engineering Courses:
    • Vocational training in Germany includes specialized programs in technical and engineering fields. These courses equip students with hands-on skills in areas such as automotive technology, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering, ensuring a direct application of knowledge in the workforce.
  2. Healthcare and Medical Programs:
    • Germany’s vocational education extends to healthcare, offering courses for aspiring nurses, medical assistants, and healthcare technicians. These programs combine theoretical knowledge with practical training, preparing students for critical roles in the healthcare sector.
  3. Information Technology (IT) Training:
    • The IT sector is a focal point of vocational study in Germany. Courses in software development, network administration, and IT management provide students with the technical expertise required in the ever-evolving field of information technology.
  4. Culinary Arts and Hospitality Management:
    • For those inclined towards culinary arts and hospitality, Germany’s vocational courses cover areas such as culinary techniques, hotel management, and event planning. Practical training in professional settings enhances students’ proficiency in these dynamic industries.
  5. Creative Arts and Design Programs:
    • Germany’s commitment to vocational education extends to the creative arts. Courses in graphic design, multimedia, and fashion design provide students with the artistic and technical skills needed for successful careers in the creative sector.
  6. Business and Administration Courses:
    • The business realm is not overlooked in Germany’s vocational study. Business administration, office management, and marketing courses equip students with practical business skills, preparing them for roles in diverse corporate environments.
  7. Automotive Technology and Mechanics:
    • Germany, known for its automotive industry, offers vocational education focusing on automotive technology and mechanics. These programs provide comprehensive training in vehicle maintenance, repair, and diagnostics.
  8. Construction and Skilled Trades:
    • Skilled trades play a crucial role in Germany’s vocational landscape. Courses in construction, plumbing, carpentry, and welding ensure a steady supply of skilled professionals to meet the demands of the construction industry.

Eligibility Criteria for Pursuing Vocational Education Courses in Germany

When aspiring to study vocational courses in Germany, understanding and meeting specific eligibility criteria is crucial for a successful application and academic journey.

  1. Educational Qualifications: To enroll in vocational learning courses, candidates typically need a completed secondary education or an equivalent qualification. Specific course requirements may vary, and it’s essential to verify the prerequisites for the chosen program.
  1. Language Proficiency: Proficiency in the German language is often a prerequisite for vocational education courses conducted in German. Language proficiency tests like the TestDaF may be required. For courses in English, proficiency in the language, demonstrated through tests like IELTS or TOEFL, is essential.
  1. Specific Program Requirements: Each vocational training program may have unique prerequisites based on the field of study. Some courses may require specific prior knowledge, skills, or experiences. Prospective students should carefully review the detailed requirements outlined by the chosen institution.
  1. Recognition of Prior Qualifications: Ensure that your previous educational qualifications are recognized in Germany. This recognition process may involve submitting documents to relevant authorities to confirm the equivalence of your qualifications to German standards.
  1. Health Insurance: Health insurance coverage is often a mandatory requirement. Students must provide proof of adequate health insurance for the duration of their studies. German authorities and educational institutions may have specific guidelines regarding health insurance.
  1. Visa Requirements: International students planning to pursue vocational training courses in Germany need to adhere to visa requirements. This includes obtaining a student visa before entering the country and complying with the regulations set by the German authorities.
  1. Financial Means: Demonstrating financial means to support living expenses is essential. This can be done through a blocked account, scholarships, or a formal declaration of financial support. Having adequate funds ensures a smooth stay while undertaking vocational education in
  1. Application Documentation: Prepare a comprehensive application package, including academic transcripts, letters of recommendation, a statement of purpose, and any additional documents specified by the chosen institution. Accurate and complete documentation is crucial for a successful application for vocational training.

Employment Prospects After Studying Vocational Training in Germany

Studying vocational education in Germany opens a gateway to promising employment prospects, leveraging the unique strengths of the German education system and its close integration with the needs of the job market.


  1. Immediate Job Readiness: One of the significant advantages of vocational education in Germany is the immediate job readiness it provides. Graduates are equipped with practical skills directly applicable to their chosen industries, making them valuable assets to employers. This immediate applicability enhances the speed of the transition from education to the workforce.


  1. High Demand for Skilled Workers: Germany, renowned for its robust industrial sector, has a constant demand for skilled workers across various fields. Vocational training graduates, having received hands-on training and industry-specific knowledge, are in high demand in sectors such as engineering, manufacturing, healthcare, and technology.


  1. Apprenticeship Opportunities: The dual system of vocational study in Germany, which combines classroom learning with apprenticeships, provides students with real-world experience. Many vocational education programs include apprenticeships with companies, creating a direct pathway to employment. Successful completion of apprenticeships often leads to job offers from the training companies.


  1. Industry-Relevant Skills: Employers highly value the industry relevance of skills acquired through vocational education. Graduates possess a practical understanding of their field, making them well-prepared to contribute effectively in the workplace. This alignment with industry needs enhances employability and job retention.


  1. Diverse Career Paths: Vocational training in Germany offers diverse program options, allowing students to choose paths aligned with their interests and career aspirations. Whether in technical fields, healthcare, or the arts, graduates have the flexibility to explore various career paths, expanding their employment opportunities.


  1. Opportunities for Further Education: While vocational studies prepares individuals for immediate entry into the workforce, it also provides pathways for further education. Graduates have the option to pursue higher qualifications, enhancing their expertise and potentially opening doors to advanced roles and managerial positions.


  1. Favorable Post-Graduation Work Options: International students completing vocational education in Germany can benefit from favorable post-graduation work options. Germany’s job-seeking visa allows graduates to stay in the country for up to 18 months to seek employment relevant to their qualifications, providing an extended opportunity to secure a position in the German job market.

Studying vocational education in Germany offers a dynamic and industry-aligned learning experience. Renowned for its robust dual system, this educational approach seamlessly integrates theoretical knowledge with hands-on training through apprenticeships. The diverse array of vocational education programs, spanning technology, the arts, healthcare, and more, provides tailored pathways for individuals to align their interests with career goals. With a focus on immediate employability, strong economic ties, and collaboration with industries, Germany’s commitment to vocational learning positions it as a global leader. Pursuing these programs ensures graduates are well-prepared, industry-ready, and equipped for success in their chosen professions.

Do you want Immigration Consultation? Contact Irish Expert, the leading Immigration Consultant.


Q1. What is the significance of studying vocational studies in Germany?

Studying vocational courses in Germany offers practical, industry-aligned training that enhances employability and provides a direct pathway to specific careers.

Q2. Are there language requirements for vocational learning courses in Germany?

Yes, language proficiency, especially in German for many programs, is a prerequisite. Proficiency tests like TestDaF or, for English courses, IELTS or TOEFL, are often required.

Q3. Can international students pursue vocational training in Germany?

Absolutely. Germany welcomes international students for vocational education, contributing to its diverse and skilled workforce.

Q4. Are there financial aids available for vocational training students?

Yes, scholarships and financial aid options exist, easing the financial burden for students pursuing vocational training in Germany.

Q5. What distinguishes German vocational training from other systems?

The dual system, combining theoretical learning with hands-on experience, sets German vocational education apart, ensuring graduates are well-equipped for immediate employment.

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Work Permit in Ireland: Difference between General Employment permit & Critical Skills Employment permit​

Oh! You have been granted residence in Ireland by the Minister for Justice, or maybe you are just lucky enough to join a family member. In either case, you may not require an employment permit to work in Ireland. However, if you do not fall in either category like most non-EEA (European Economic Area) individuals, then an employment permit is a sine qua non. 

The organization which processes these employment permits is known as the “Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment (DETE)”. It may be noted that there are nine different types of employment permit, and a special Hosting Agreement for academic researchers. However, the most common are General Employment Permit & Critical Skills Employment Permits.

And this blog is dedicated to understanding the difference between the General Employment Permit & Critical Skills Employment Permit.

General Employment permit

Regarded as the key component applied by the State of Ireland to entice nationals from third world nations to work with labour shortages. This permit assumes all works to be eligible unless it is specified otherwise. One of the major significance of a “General Employment Permit” for any potential candidate is that it covers a wider range of occupations than any other type of employment permit, and may be obtained in respect of a 12 month contract of employment.

It may be noted that the said permit can be issued for an initial 2 years’ timeperiod, and can subsequently be renewed for a further 3 years. And after 5 years, the applicant may safely apply to the Immigration Service Delivery (ISD) for a long-term residency.

If you have been proposed a job in one of the three categories, then you may apply for a General Employment Permit. These include:

  • A job with an annual pay of € 30,000 with few exceptions

  • Any job not included in the list of ineligible occupations

  • A business with more than 50% of the workers from outside the EEA. Also known as the 50:50 rule

  • The company or the organisation must be trading in Ireland and registered with the Companies Register Office.

There are certain key points worth understanding, including:

  • Family members of the individual with a “General Employment Permit” can join them in Ireland after the latter’s first year of employment.

  • Individuals working as doctors for the HSE, or HSE funded services, and have a Stamp 1H, and their spouse/partner can apply for a Stamp 1G. This, however, allows them to work without an employment permit.


Critical Skills Employment permit

Said to replace the “Green Card” employment permit, the Critical Skills Employment permit is made to lure highly skilled people into labour market with the key motive of encouraging them to seek PR in Ireland.

There are certain key components attached to the said permit which make it highly attractive, namely:

  • The individual need not give a “Labour market Needs Test” as the skills are identified as short in supply.
  • Seeking family reconciliation becomes easier for the permit holder through Irish Naturalisation & Immigration Service under the Department of Justice and Equality.
  • On completion of the time duration for the Critical Skills Employment Permits, the Permit Holders may apply to the Irish Naturalisation & Immigration Service under the Department of Justice and Equality, to reside and work without any need for the Employment permit.

If you have been proposed a job in one of the three categories, then you may apply for a Critical Skills Employment Permit. These include:

  • A job with a salary of atleast € 32,000  per annum
  • Any job not included in the “list of ineligible occupations” with a salary of € 64,000 per annum.

It is important to understand that the said permit can only be issued for a job proposal in 2 years’ time. Permit holders are expected to stay with their first employer for a period not less than 12 months. This is important because under section 12(1) (e) of the Employment Permits Act, 2006 as amended, unless a period of 12 months has lapsed since the permit holder first started employment in the State in accordance with the employment permit, a new employment permit for a different employer cannot be examined.

Certain key components with respect to the said type of visa include:

  • Family members of the individual permit holder can join them immediately. And a spouse/partner can get a Stamp 1G Residence Permit, allowing them to work without an employment permit.
  • After completion of 2 years of employment on a Critical Skills Employment Permit in Ireland, the individual can apply for a Stamp 4 Irish Residence Permit, permitting them to work without an employment permit.


Key Differences between “General Employment Permit” & “Critical Skills Employment Permits”


General Employment permit

Critical Skills Employment permit


To entice nationals from third world nations for occupations with labor shortage

To attract high skilled individuals into labor market with the key motive to encourage them of seeking a permanent residence in Ireland


Individual with a job paying annually € 30k can apply for this permit.

Individual with a job paying annually € 32k can apply for this permit.


Family members of the individual with a “General Employment Permit”  can join them in Ireland after latter’s first year of employment

Family member of the individual permit holder can join them immediately.


How “Irish Expert” can be useful to you!

The Irish Expert’s team of Immigration lawyers possess high experience in advising upon immigration related matters. If any question strikes your mind from this blog, kindly do not hesitate to contact us for advice and assistance, or, send us an email, or, simply follow us on Instagram, Facebook, or LinkedIn to remain in touch with the recent updates.


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Brace Your Pockets: Visa and Health Surcharge Fees Surge in the UK- Here’s the New Toll on Your Wallet!

Autumn’s Approach ushers in new visa and health surcharge fees surge in the UK 


Often we Indians have a dream of visiting the UK at least once in our lifetime. It may be simply through a tourist visa to see the iconic Victorian landmarks, breath-taking coastal views, or the Scottish Highlands, or a student visa to pursue higher education at one of the historical universities, or a work visa to get employed in a top notch UK-based firm/organization/company. We may have different plans, but it is important to update oneself with the latest changes in the visa application.


And one such latest update from the UK government is regarding the new fee structure for visa and health surcharge applications. Aimed towards meeting the surge in public sector wages, as the government attempts to settle disputes with trade unions over salary and employment terms. A hike of 15 % and 66% in the Visa and Immigration Health Surcharge (IHS) (hereinafter “health surcharge”) fees has been set out, respectively, across the board. However, there has been no official announcement from the incumbency as to when this substantial top up in the fees will come into effect. Moreover, the timing of the updates suggest that it may be as soon as Autumn 2023. 



Key changes expected:-


Precise information with respect to the latest rules and regulations are expected soon, but the key changes are:

  • Health Surcharge is expected to rise from GBP 624 to GBP 1035 per year for adults, and GBP 776 per annum for youth and children below 18.
  • Hike in the visa application fees by 15 %.
  • Fees for student visa, certificate of sponsorship, settlement, citizenship, and all the other related applications might surge by at least 20%.
  • No changes in the price of priority services whether the applicants apply inside or outside the UK.

Rise in the health surcharge, and exceptions to the same:-


Frosted for the past three years, a surge in the health surcharge would heavily impact the total price of visa applications. And this is especially with respect to families. It is important to understand that the payment of a health surcharge is important as it ensures access to cost-free health care services for the visa applicants through the National Health Service (NHS). Now this is irrespective of the fact that the applicant has private medical insurance cover. Further, the payment of the health surcharge is made in a lump sum together with the other visa fees. The expected hike in the overall health surcharge will help compensate for the rise in the payment to doctors.


It is not necessary for everyone to pay the health surcharge fee. A person applying for a work visa for more than a period of 6 months must pay the same. However, there are certain applicants who are exempted from making the said payment. These include:

  • an applicant outside the UK for a visa of at least 6 months or less
  • an applicant for a visitor visa
  • an applicant for settlement or citizenship of Britain
  • an applicant to the EU Settlement Scheme or pre-settled status or settled status.

Suggestions to the Employer


Amidst the cost of living crisis, the hike in the fee structure will result in some real difficulties for individuals and businesses, with special emphasis upon new start-ups and Small and Medium sized enterprises (SMEs).


It is utterly important that a few factors are well considered by these employers to minimize these challenges:


  • Give a shot in the arm to the future applicants of the UK visa to see if they can benefit from the current lower fee rates before the upcoming changes come into effect. For instance, a worker applying for a 5-year visa will save up to GBP 2000 in health surcharges alone if the application is made before the changes roll out. 
  • Have a sequential outlook on the cost of a visa the business would cover on behalf of employees. There are instances wherein the employers would agree to cover all the visa costs barring the accompanying family members. While others would agree to meet few of the costs of their newly appointed employees. But it is important to comprehend that in sponsored cases, it is illegal to pay for the immigration skill charge, as the sponsors are liable to pay for the same.
  • An employer should definitely consider a “clawback agreement”, which basically requires the employee/benefactor to payback a portion of visa costs if they leave the job within a stipulated time period post- visa approval. This agreement should be drafted with due concentration by a lawyer, as it is important to have a “reasonable” agreement devoid of any penalty, for it to be enforceable. This reasonableness depends upon the overall salary package of the employee to see whether the sum to be repaid is reasonable and legal. And would commonly mean that the sum repayable should be reduced over time. 

Connect with our team of immigration lawyers for expert assistance


These headways are always tracked by the Irish Expert. Should you have any query, or need some expert advice and assistance in relation to the UK immigration laws, including crucial updates on the visa application, contact our team of immigration lawyers. Our experienced immigration lawyers assist individuals with visas, and other immigration matters across India, UK, and the UAE. We provide every client personalized access to a team of lawyers who minutely understand the complicated nexus of immigration laws and the extensive impact of these legal rules on an individual’s life. Our aim is to guide and help you !

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UK Incumbency bars dependent to escort International Students following January 2024

Starting from January, 2024, students pursuing courses other than research in post-graduation programs would not be able to take their dependents.  Aimed towards holding in the ever increasing net immigration. Suella Braverman, the Home Secretary, has described this new move as the biggest tightening measure the government has ever executed. The Home Secretary said the new move is upright as it allows the government to protect the public service simultaneously.

In the past few years, the UK Isles have witnessed an exponential rise in the immigration rate, with net migration running over 500,000 between the periods June 2021- June 2022 – twice more than that recorded in the year 2019. It may be noted that “Net immigration” is nothing but the difference between the number of people entering the UK with the purpose of staying 12 months or more in a particular time frame and the number of people exiting during the identical time period.

This blog is dedicated to discussing this new move by the government with respect to the international students and their dependents. 

Tragic increase in the number of dependent accompanying international students & its repercussions

Since 2019, the UK has witnessed a tragic 750 % increase in the number of dependents of international students, taking the number to 136,000 people.  Therefore, to curb this net migration, the UK government from January 2024 onwards has declared to prevent international students from bringing their dependants with them while pursuing their studies in the UK. These dependents include children below the age of 18, spouses, civil partners, and old parents in need of long-term care. Some of the important repercussions of this new policy include:

  1. International students will now not be allowed to switch over to the Skilled Worker Route until they complete their education.
  2. Those students coming to the UK to pursue their one-year Master’s course would also face the same fate as their undergraduate counterparts.
  3. International students will, however, be able to stay in the UK for two years through the Graduate Route, while it is three years for Doctoral/PhD students.
  4. Putting end on the agents endorsing inappropriate applications.

Major Repercussions Explained:

  • Students will not be allowed to switch to the Skilled Worker Route until completion of their education

Pursuing any course in the UK Isles requires a huge sum of money and-therefore, more students opt for the Skilled Worker route, since the same proposes an economical and time-bound pathway to full-time employment in the UK. However, this new policy aimed towards clamping down upon the non-genuine students using the Skilled Worker Route as backdoor.

  • Effect on the one year Master’s course

Students pursuing a graduation course have been prevented from bringing their dependents to the UK. However, they are not the only individuals to face this fate. Students pursuing a one-year Master’s course would also face an impact. And this course is quite popular among students from India and Nigeria. This decision will be a boon to the major global economies who now have a chance to welcome pioneering individuals forsaken by the UK.

  • Crackdown on agents

Cracking down upon fake and unscrupulous agents would help other genuine agents to obtain proper professional certification and establish a firm record of ethical conduct.


Can we expect the policy to alleviate? 

It is highly uncertain to expect any flexibility in the new policy. However, the incumbency in its statement has talked about its plan on working closely with UK universities to prepare an alternative procedure so as to ensure that pioneering students can bring their dependents into the UK Isles. This would be simultaneously done with reducing the net migration rate. And will be executed after proper consultation with different key stakeholders. 

 How useful can be “Irish Expert”?

Our Team at Irish Expert possess high experience in advising clients upon immigration matters, including student and work visa. If any question strikes your mind from this blog, kindly do not hesitate to contact us for advice and assistance, or, send us an email, or, simply follow us on Instagram, Facebook, or LinkedIn to remain in touch with the recent updates.


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Common reasons of Visa Rejection and Strategies for Mitigation


Small mistakes with your visa application can lead to big blunders! Be careful and abide by the immigration protocols to save your time, vim, and prospective visa approval opportunities. This article is dedicated to discussing those common errors that result in visa rejection and how an individual can steer clear of them for ultimate visa approval.

Table of Contents: 

Sr. No.Sub- Heading
1.Basic Reasons for the Rejection of a Visa
2.Ramifications of Visa Refusal
3.Reasons for the Rejection of a Visa (in Detail)
4.Certain steps to evade visa rejection
5.How “IRISH EXPERT” can help!

Basic reasons for the rejection of a visa:

Visa rejection is nothing but an instance of getting an individual application rejected by an embassy, consulate, or high commission of the host country. These institutions provide relevant reasons for such rejections, which may later help you ameliorate the errors in prospective visa applications. Not only are there missing documents or information, but there are several other reasons for the rejection of the visa:

  • Insufficiency in detail and data discrepancy
  • Breach of visa regulations and the overall validation procedure
  • Falsity in detail or misrepresentation of facts
  • Criminal record
  • Issues relating to health
  • Unfavourable travel history
  • Dearth of funds

Ramifications of visa refusal: 

Refusal of a visa application can be frustrating and exhausting. An improper and unorganized strategy during the application stage might lead to such a scenario. The following are the ramifications of a visa rejection:

  • Cancellation or postponement of travel plans.
  • Loss of financial stuff, including the visa application fees, flight tickets, overall travel expenditure, and more.
  • Unable to execute the trip one may have been planning for a long time.
  • Unwarranted delay in educational or vocational opportunities.
  • A rejected visa would severely impact your future applications.
  • Sometimes, deportation is necessary in cases where the individual has applied for a long-term visa.

Reasons for visa refusal in detail:

Let’s now study the reasons for the visa denial in detail. It may be noted that the list below gives a clear description of why it is important to apply for a visa in a proper manner. Mindful comprehension of the causes behind the refusal of visas would enable individuals to submit visa applications devoid of errors. Below are some of the prominent reasons for the rejection of individual visa applications:


Insufficiency in detail and data discrepancy

It is necessary to fill out each and every section of the visa application form. One should give proper detail, as each section has specified instructions regarding the dos and don’ts of visa applications. Failure on the part of the individual applicant to provide all the genuine information may result in visa rejection.

Basic typos or data discrepancies would also result in the same fate.



Contravention of visa regulations and the overall confirmation procedure

Immigration departments have hard and fast rules for visa approval and this is in addition to the overall validation process. It is therefore recommended to read the embassy’s website and all the other set of rules and provisions before making any appeal.

Every minute detail in the form a document is checked with utmost diligence by the authority, confirming those. Now in the case where a fake document is discovered, then the visa is instantly rejected.

Also it is important to submit your application in the official language of the embassy. Regional languages go un-verified by the embassy authority, therefore making your document ineffective.


Material misrepresentation and fraud in visa application

Considered the “second’” most famous ground for unacceptability of visa application by embassy or consular staffs – and one of the most complex areas of immigration laws. Material misrepresentation of facts or fraud can have draconian ramifications, and life imprisonment in a country like the United States. For example, In respect of the United States, there can be a 214B visa denial in case where the individual is unable to demonstrate his intended activities to the consular office.  This is one of the main reasons why embassy officers proceed with proper discretion before arriving at a judgement. These judgments are subject to “stern inspection”, and “proper evidences” to support them. Therefore it is necessary to provide accurate and genuine details on the application.


Individuals with Criminal Record

Notwithstanding the fact that you are convicted criminal within your native country or abroad, having criminal record could severely affect your ability to live as a non-citizen in the host country. Additionally, a hidden criminal record can also lead to deportation of individuals with proper visa and documents. Therefore one should be upfront about his criminal records in the application and provide all the relevant details, inclusive of legal documents related to your matter and other documents that may ensure you are a high-minded citizen.


Individuals with health and medical issues 

Individuals with medical issues or a critical health condition may be denied a visa in cases where the host country is devoid of proper healthcare facilities to treat the condition. Therefore, it is important to research the medical facilities of the country you visit before making the visa appeal.


Adverse travel history

Inimical travel history can have your visa application getting cancelled and following are some of the reasons for such a scenario: –

  • Cancellation of any prior visa application.
  • Overstay in the previous host country.
  • Indulging in activities breaching visa rules of any prior host country during the stay period.
  •  Lack of clarity with respect to the travel programme.


Dearth of funds, and bad financial history

For an individual to visit any country, the presence of enough funds in the bank account is a chief necessity. The embassies or consulates have a certain set specific amount for the stay of an individual in a particular country. Now, in a case where the amount you possess fails to match the expectations, then it can be a reason for a visa rejection.

Visa rejection can also have a bad financial history, one of the major reasons. A bad financial history or a history of financial issues comprises bankruptcy, defaulted loans, or evaded taxes. It is extremely important to have a good financial history, and proper evidence of one’s financial steadiness in the form of tax returns or bank statements.


Not having travel insurance

Travelling into a country without proper travel insurance, especially where the same is a requisite, may result in your visa getting rebutted. It is important to make sure that you possess proper travel insurance before making any application.


Political problems and age restrictions

Now it is important to understand that in a case where the country you wish to visit has some political problems with your native country, then your visa may be denied. Therefore, it is important to keep in touch with the latest political updates and how the same may have an impact on your visa application.

Coming to the age restriction factor, there are some visas which require you to meet certain age criteria. Failure on the part of an individual to abide by the same may result in denial of a visa application. Therefore, it is important to do a careful examination of age criteria before making the application.


Certain steps to evade visa rejection

Folks, it is important to understand that there can no guarantee of a 100% approval rate with respect to your visa application. However, if you follow the given tips/steps mentioned below, then there can be increased chances of victory:

  • Early initiation of a visa application provides ample time for the authorities to process your visa. It is strongly suggested to initiate the procedure with respect to the visa application in no less than 30 days before the actual date of travel.
  • Give appropriate details on the application form. Review the form to rectify any typo or incorrect field.
  • Complete all the required documentation, including proof of financial history and a travel program. It may be remembered that your document should endorse the cause of your trip and indicate that you have good ties with your home country.
  • Honesty and transparency with respect to your intention and relationship with your home country. The concerned authorities want to make sure that you return after your trip.
  • I think one should go for “Irish Expert” for their visa. At “Irish Expert” we have a dedicated team of experts who perform standard checks of visas to make sure it abides by the government regulations. Also, they take care that your visa is free of errors, so that you can have your application passed smoothly for a pleasant trip.


How “Irish Expert” can help

The above list of reasons behind the rejection of your visa may not be exhaustive. However, it gives you some insight into some of the unknown causes, the ramifications, and the steps to appeal in case of a rejection. Now if you travelled this far in the blog, why not consider getting in touch with the team of Irish expert, and prevent a visa rejection completely?

At Irish Expert, we have experienced immigration lawyers assisting individuals with visas and other immigration matters across India, UK, and the UAE. We provide every client with personalized access to a team of lawyers who minutely understand the complicated nexus of immigration laws and the extensive impact of these legal rules on an individual’s life. Our aim is to guide and help you !




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Why do you need a British citizenship?

Wish to participate extravagantly in the life of the UK community? Then just go and apply for citizenship in the UK. Sounds obvious, right? But what is the procedure, eligibility criterion, and benefits of applying the same? Let’s understand all of these with the help of this article in a lucid way. 

Obtaining British citizenship automatically awards you a British passport, allowing you to travel freely across the UK isles, without any danger of doing away with your citizenship. Now this is important, especially for those who prefer Indefinite Leave to Remain (hereinafter “ILR”) over the UK citizenship. It is important for them to understand that ILR only allows them a stay in the UK on an indefinite basis. However, one may lose the right to come back if he/she stays abroad for more than 2 years. Regarding people granted settled status under the EU Settlement Scheme (EUSS), losing your citizenship is inevitable if you leave the UK for 5 years or more, or in case you leave it as a Swiss Citizen.

As a result, it is better to choose citizenship over the ILR. This citizenship should also pass to your children even if they are born outside the UK.


Key takeaways

  • The individual would be blessed with the right to live and work permanently in the UK, liberated from the immigration controls.
  • Right to vote in any elections
  • The right to hold one of the most powerful passports in the world. With British Passport, one can travel across more than 180 countries and territories without a visa or simply by applying for a visa on arrival. Not simply just a random passport, it’s a golden key to enter many countries, across the world, with minimum red tapism.
  • Free of cost health care facility from the National Health Service
  • For individuals above the age of 18, a right to stand for public office. However, the said right is not applicable to certain groups of people, including members of the armed forces, a civil servant or someone who has been found guilty of certain criminal offences.
  • A British citizen has full access to UK state benefits. These include child benefit, or a jobseeker allowance.


Overall process to apply for a British Citizenship

Applying for the citizenship of Britain is quite efficient and well run. A simple application has to be made online and its submission should be accompanied by a small application fee. Also, the individual will be required to upload his biometric information. Soon the Immigration department of the UK would contact the person with further directions as to how he can enrol his biometric after making the submission.

Applicants choosing the naturalisation pathway will have to enrol their biometric information to verify their identity. This process needs to be completed within 45 days of making the application. And failure to do so would disprove the application. There are certain cases where, however, the immigration department may re-use biometrics provided previously with an earlier immigration application.

After submitting the biometrics information, where required, the individual shall be given the decision on his application within 6 months. The immigration department would revert you if they want to extract more information in respect of your application. It is important for the applicant to ensure that they possess proper valid permission to stay in the UK until receiving a decision on their application and further attending the citizenship ceremony.

In case of a successful confirmation and grant of British Citizenship, one would have to attend the citizenship ceremony within a period of 90 days. This ceremony would require you to swear an oath of allegiance to the British Monarch, King Charles III, and to pledge loyalty to the UK, a commitment to respect the UK’s rights, freedoms, and laws. 

Following the above procedure, the individual will be presented with the certificate of naturalization as a British Citizen. 


Following the above procedure, the individual will be presented with the certificate of naturalization as a British Citizen. 


Benefits of British Passport in detail (British Passport > Other Passport)  

Opportunity to stay and work permanently in the UK

Possessing a British Passport awards you moments to trail. Qualifying for a British Passport opens several gates of opportunities for an individual.


People who lost their job during COVID would have a golden chance of experiencing the royal culture of the UK by staying there for a while, then accordingly apply for those opportunities with a British Passport.


Chance to study in the UK

One of the other benefits of possessing a British Passport is the chance to pursue your higher education at one of the historical, top notch universities. For an international student with a student visa, a large amount of money with lots of validation is a requisite. However, for an individual with a British passport, you will be granted a ticket to study at one of the prestigious institutions. Additionally, a chance to work along with pursuing your education. 


No restrictions with respect to immigration

Having a British Passport in hand steers you clear of the restrictions possessed by the immigration laws. Thus allowing the individual to move freely across the UK devoid of any fear of strict requirements of immigration laws.


Proof of residency 

A British Passport can act as a proof of residency within the Isles. It also makes you a valid voter and awards you the right to stand for public office, with certain exceptions. 


Ease of travelling

You will hardly find anyone who does not want to travel without a visa. If you belong to that group, then with a British Passport you will have an opportunity to travel smoothly. British Passport acts as an easy travel ticket. There are more than 140 countries allowing Visa free travel with British Passport, while 7 countries only require an online travel authorization. More than 38 countries allow you to travel with a visa on arrival with a British Passport in hand.


Cost free medical facilities with the NHS 

Post COVID, there has been a rising sense of fear among the masses with regards to health care. 

But with a British Citizenship, you are qualified to seek medical assistance from the National Health Service in the UK.


Entitlement to public funds

With the citizenship of Britain in hand, an individual grabs a chance to claim public funds. COVID pandemic and the consequent loss of jobs for many people. Access to public funds would make their lives easier. Therefore, allowing individuals to maintain a decent standard of life. 


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The Irish Expert’s team of Immigration lawyers possess high experience in advising upon UK matters. If any question strikes your mind from this blog, kindly do not hesitate to contact us for advice and assistance, or, send us an email, or, simply follow us on Instagram, Facebook, or LinkedIn to remain in touch with the recent updates.

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Significance of physical classroom learning in the Post COVID era

Education systems across the world went upside down during the COVID-19 pandemic. With an overall shift of teaching mechanism from classroom to online mode, almost every feature of learning was tested. It can be concluded that from the methodology of instruction, attendance, technology, to human interaction, everything was re-created with an overall new imagination. The response of the higher education authorities to rapidly adopt technology for maintaining academic continuity is commendable.  However, in the Post-COVID world, we have shifted back to the traditional classroom culture, leaving behind technology-driven virtual learning. And this small write-up is dedicated to understanding the importance of traditional classroom-based education in the Post-COVID times.


Meaning of “Physical Classroom Studies”

Before getting into the discussion with respect to the importance of classroom studies, it is important to understand the meaning of “classroom studies”.

Physical classroom is a one-on-one teaching and learning atmosphere for teachers and students, respectively. It includes a black/white board, projectors, benches, a chair, and a teacher. This classroom environment has been designed in a way to bring over positivity and a sense of focus among the students. These students are less likely to get distracted in this atmosphere, unless your class comprises a bunch of hooligans. The reason for this less distraction and peace is the presence of an academic environment.


Important Features of “Physical Classroom Studies”


Now let’s look into the important features which make physical classroom based learning a better mode of education. 


Supplements overall social development of students

  • In a physical classroom facility, students learn to socialize in the classroom and school. They have a chance to make friends, participate in various co-curricular physical activities, thereby boosting their self-confidence, knowledge, skills, and self-esteem.
  • Developing bonding with friends and teachers results in the making of a responsible, sensible, practical, and cooperative person. 

Encourages analytical thinking among students

  • Students in a classroom arrangement are given various projects by dividing students into different teams. This helps in inculcating new skills, including problem solving tactics, analytical understanding, creativity, and leadership qualities. 

Participation in outdoor games/activities is fun

  • Through a physical classroom environment, students get several opportunities to participate in indoor/outdoor games, and activities. These help them develop physically, and gives them a sense of joy.

Heartens collaborative learning

  • Operating and working in a team inculcates in the students skills like communication, leadership, attention to detail, punctuality, and working together. This later helps in them become cooperative, adaptive, and collaborative.

Unique flexible teaching manner

  • In a classroom set-up, teacher have an opportunity to modify their teaching mechanism and manner. Now some teacher use unique practice of gamifying their manner of teacher in order to make learning more exciting and constructive.

Fosters overall personality

  • A classroom set-up fosters qualities like diligence, self-control, courtesy, generosity, humility, leadership, and solidarity in the students. In a physical classroom set-up, students are required to abide by the academic standard which includes responsibilities relating to their role, discipline, reverence toward elders, maintenance of classroom decorum, and being helpful.

Strengthens student motivation

  • The one-on-one interaction between teacher and students in a classroom set up boost a sense of motivation in latter. It also helps them express their opinions during debates and other classroom discussions.
  • The best motivation for a student is his teacher who inculcates in him potential to produce better work.


It can be thus concluded a physical classroom set up provides student with an environment to gather inputs from the teacher, thereby fostering former’s overall personality and knowledge. The voice, facial expression, body language, and the enthusiasm among teachers to impart quality education on a one-on-one basis motivates the student to develop creativity, and other important skills useful in the upcoming life.

This article is written by the content writing team of Irish Expert. If any question strikes your mind from this blog, kindly do not hesitate to contact us for advice and assistance, or, send us an email, or, simply follow Irish Expert on Instagram, Facebook, or LinkedIn to remain in touch with the recent updates.

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List of 36 + courses in Medical Science, including MBBS, to pursue at Canadian Universities for Indian Students

Are you an Indian Student thinking of doing an MBBS from Canada, or any other course in medical science? Then I have more than 36 different courses in medical science that you can pursue from a Canadian University. This blog is especially updated with information to resolve all your queries with respect to the scope, types of courses, and fee structure for such courses at different universities.

Canadian Universities allows you an opportunity to pursue medical courses directly after passing your 12 standard. Promising sound career prospects, doing a medical course in Canada has a wide horizon of scope. Some of them have been listed below:

  • Different specializations across various medical courses.

  • Universities in Canada give you chance to pursue a Diploma, Bachelors, or simply a Certificate program.

  • Prestigious institution with international standards.

  • Huge number of job opportunities in the Medical sector.

Table of Contents

  1. List of Prestigious Institutions offering Bachelor’s Medical Courses in Canada.

  2. Kinds of Medical Courses in Canada.

  3. Tuition fee structure.

  4. Eligibility criteria for Medical courses in Canada.

  5. Courses equivalent to MBBS in Canada after Intermediate.

Prestigious Universities offering Bachelor’s Medical Courses in Canada

Canada provides students with a wide category of courses in medicine after they complete their 12th standard. Below is the list of some those universities with parameters like programs offered, subject score, and global score in a tabulated manner:


Programs offered

Subject Score

Global score

University of Toronto

Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy



McMaster University

BSc Life Science, Master of Philosophy, and Doctor of Philosophy



University of British Columbia

Doctor of Medicine 



University Ottawa

Bachelor of Health Science, Master of Science & Doctorate Degrees



University of Calgary

Bachelor of Science, Master of Science & Doctorate Degrees



Western University (University of Western Ontario)

Bachelor of Medical Science, and Doctor of Medicine (MD)



Type of Medical Courses in Canada

Below is the list of 36 + different medical and paramedical courses available in Canada:

  1. Bachelor of Athletic & Exercise Therapy

  2. Bachelor of Science in Nursing

  3. Bachelor of Dental Surgery

  4. MBBS

  5. BSc Biology

  6. Diploma in Kinesiology

  7. Diploma in Practical Nurse

  8. Bachelor of Science in Nutrition

  9. Diploma in Pharmacy Technician

  10.  Bachelor of Kinesiology

  11.  Diploma in Health Information Management

  12.  Bachelor of Health Science

  13.  Diploma in Dispensing Optician

  14.  Diploma in Development Service Worker

  15.  BSc Psychology

  16.  Bachelor of Science in Food

  17.  Bachelor of Dental Hygiene

  18.  Diploma in Pharmacy

  19.  Associate of Science in Biology

  20.  Bachelor of Science in Dairy Technology

  21.  Bachelor in Medical Lab Technology

  22.  Bachelor of Science in Home Science

  23.  Bachelor in Medical Lab Technology (BMLT)

  24.  Bachelor of Science in Nursing

  25.  Bachelor of Dental Surgery

  26.  Bachelor of Science in Psychology

  27.  Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Science (BNYS)

  28.  Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry

  29.  Bachelor of Physical and Health Education

  30.  BAMS (Ayurvedic)

  31.  Bachelor of Physiotherapy

  32.  BDS (Dental)

  33.  Bachelor of Public Health

  34.  BHMS (Homeopathy)

  35.  Bachelor of Science in Biology

  36.  BSc Nursing

Popular Medical Courses with College/University, and Tuition Fees (in CAD & INR)

Name of the Program


Avg. Tuition Fees (CAD)

Avg. Tuition Fees (INR)

B.Sc Nursing

University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, McGill University, Montreal, and, McMaster University.

16,053 to 29,192 per year

9,75, 897 to 17,74,645.70 per year


University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, McGill University, Montreal, McMaster University, University of Sherbrooke, Lakehead Univeristy, Memorial University of New Foundland, Dalhousie University, and Queen University.

1,20,000 to 3,50,000 per year

73,31,000 to 2,13,83,000 per year

Bachelor of Dental Hygiene/Surgery

University of Alberta, University of British Columbia, University of Manitoba, Dalhousie University, & George Brown College

15,190 – 22,395 per year

9,23,433 to 13,61,441 per year

Bachelor of Athletic & Exercise Therapy

Brock Univerity, Bishops University, Campion College,  Concordia University, Camosun University, Dalhousie University, Dawson College, and Lakehead University.

10, 920 per year

6,63,813 per year

BHMS (Homeopathy)

Ontario Colleges of Homeopathic Medicine, Georgia College, College of Natural Health and Homeopathy, Allen College of Homeopathy, and Cyberjaya University College of Medical Science.

18,095 to 1, 64,504 per year.

11,00,000 to 1,00,00,000 per year

BAMS (Ayurvedic)

Canadian College of Ayurvedic Medicine Services

15,000 to 30,000 per year

9,11,583 to 18,23,706 per year

Bachelor of Physiotherapy

University of Manitoba, University of New Brunswick, Simon Fraser University, Dalhousie University, University of Victoria, Laval University, Queen’s University, and McGill University.

10,500 to 21,500 per year.

6,38,424 to 13,07,249 per year.

Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yogic Science (BNYS)

Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine.

20,000 to 35,000 per year

25,00,000 to 60,00,000 per year

How useful can be “Irish Expert”?

Our Team at Irish Expert possess high experience in advising clients upon immigration matters. If any question strikes your mind from this blog, kindly do not hesitate to contact us for advice and assistance, or, send us an email, or, simply follow us on Instagram, Facebook, or LinkedIn to remain in touch with the recent updates.


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Permitted activities for student visa holder in Germany

Moving out of your family home, leaving behind all the good old memories after graduating from high school to pursue a university-level education can be perceived differently by different groups of students. However, the happiness of getting a student visa to enrol in a German university is constant among all the international students. Now, since every country has a list of “permitted activities” with respect to the student visa. It is important for every student to understand the dos and don’ts of having a valid student visa in Germany.

This blog is extremely important for every individual student visa holder who is pursuing or will be pursuing his university-level education from one of the German Universities.


Do’s and Don’ts for a student visa holder in Germany

The following are some of the things which are permitted under the student visa regulations in Germany. These include:

  • Possibility to apply for an extension of the student residence permit for students who have not completed their education within the stipulated visa period, and need reasonable time to complete the same.

  • Getting a part time job is another “permitted activity” for a student visa holder. The visa holder may work up to 120 days even if the work is part- time in an academic institution where you are pursuing your studies. However, it is important that the work does not interfere with the study schedule.

  • Permission to apply for a residence permit for seeking a job after graduation. The student shall be eligible to tap this opportunity only when he completes his education in Germany. With that residence permit ranging up to a period of six months after graduation, one can easily search for jobs or simply get self-employed. One can get a temporary job while searching for a job of permanent nature, matching the individual’s academic qualifications.

Also, there are certain activities which are not permitted for an individual holding a student visa in Germany. These include:

  • As a student visa holder, it is not possible for an individual to get a full-time job, which is basically a job ranging up to a period of 240 days a year.

  • Failure to indulge in study lessons may result in the cancellation of an individual’s eligibility to stay in Germany. 


How useful can be “Irish Expert”?

Our Team at Irish Expert possess high experience in advising clients upon immigration matters, including student and work visa. If any question strikes your mind from this blog, kindly do not hesitate to contact us for advice and assistance, or, send us an email, or, simply follow us on Instagram, Facebook, or LinkedIn to remain in touch with the recent updates.

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The student communities in the contemporary world seem to be exceedingly influential because of their new-fangled ideas and ingenuity. The momentum in them gears up to flinch on a voyage round the world predominantly to the United Kingdom, in pursuance of higher education and scope to climb up and get deep rooted in their professional arena.

In the recent trends the youngsters to a greater extent, intend to embark on a money-spinning business at their dream destinations and hence their limited knowledge on immigration lands them at an unfortunate spot of visa rejection. Nevertheless, as an International student residing in various regions of the planet, you ought to choose a UK student visa.

The British High Commission is the pivotal point in the entire application process from verifying the details of an application to approving a visa. As an endorsing authority, after careful consideration on all parameters in line with the existing immigration rules, it may reject your visa on the following grounds: 

  1. Incorrect information and incomplete application forms

The applicants have to comply with the visa regulations and are supposed to fill all the questions given in the visa form as per the category of the application. If any question is left blank without clear reasoning, it indicates lack of understanding of the question. It also indicates concealing of certain information which the High Commission could possibly have in their records. The online application forms are designed in such a way that the embassy is able to gather all pertinent information and then conclude the application. It is always advisable to pull out old records for double checking any information and then one should proceed with the online submission. In case of doubts or clarifications it is important to consult an Immigration expert who understands the requirements and also guides you how to avoid a refusal.

  • Applying for an incorrect visa category

The British High Commission is stringent in checking the eligibility criteria of students. Your documents should match with the details mentioned in the application form for the visa category you have applied for, you should avoid putting any documents which could create confusion or discrepancy in your application. It is worth speaking once to an Immigration expert who can aware you and explain which category of visa is the most suitable for you. An applicant should be aware of the correct category of visa application in order to avoid a rejection and losing the visa application fee upon refusal. It is advisable to be cautious and make sure that you have provided everything to support your application.

  • Failure to meet financial prerequisites

The UKVI guidelines emphasize on submitting the evidence to prove that the applicant has sufficient funds to meet all the expenses with regard to their intended visit and stay in the UK. It does not mean necessarily bank balance but the capacity for affordability to take a trip to the UK, failing which you would face a negative outcome. Typically, every category will have a different financial requirement to be shown and the duration for which the money has been kept is also essential for a successful visa application. The UKVI has also laid down rules for the acceptable banks which are approved for a student visa application. Often students meet with the financial requirement, but they tend to miss a few steps when they are submitting financial documents such as correct format of the letter from banks and statements issued by bank.

  • Violation of visa conditions on previous visit or adverse immigration history in the recent 10 years for any country

Violating any visa condition is the indication of the individual’s betrayal action over the immigration law and rules. For instance, you may have overstayed beyond your visa duration or undertaken a job when your visa did not permit you to. If it is found that an individual has not been in compliance with immigration procedures of the UK government, the home office will certainly decline your visa as you violated the rules and frustrated the visa conditions. The UKVI will provide you with the notice of refusal outlining the reasons and their findings as to why the visa is being refused.

  • Rejection based on non- disclosure of criminal records

It is crucial that you specify the complete and correct information about your past convictions while applying for a UK visa. It could either be a civil offence or a criminal this also includes any FIR, pending case awaiting judgment or a case which has been closed also need to be disclosed. If you have not furnished the relevant details, it will be considered as deception, fraudulence and dishonesty in approaching the Home Office which leads not only to the denial of visa but also to a ban of ten years to enter into the United Kingdom.

In our experience we have dealt with various country ban cases and have appealed to the Home Office on various grounds and have successfully overturned the assessing officer’s decision in certain genuine cases. In our professional journey, having met clients globally, we have experienced that due to innocent mistakes or intentional concealing of background, the repercussions of a denial has been one of the hardest hit and crushing ones dream to enter the UK, hence on boarding an Immigration expert is most wise decision you can make for a hassle free application.

To reiterate, the factors as illustrated above were only few among the top reasons as to why many applications got refused. There are still more in the list, the immigration professionals will throw light on those facts once you choose to on board them for a seamless and successful experience.

How Irish Expert can help you?

We, at Irish Expert will attend to your needs and take care of all the aspects of your visa processing from start to end. With the technical support of our immigration specialists, you would obtain your visa with a single attempt successfully. If you wish to check your eligibility, you can register your details with us and let us know take you forward from there for an exciting journey to the United Kingdom.

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