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A General overview of Permanent Settlement across different countries

Securing a right to reside on a permanent basis, permanent settlement (PR) awards you the legal resident status of the host country. It is permanent in nature, and you with such legal status would be called a Permanent Resident. However, not every nation permits permanent settlement. Rules and laws relating to the same may vary broadly.  For instance, countries in the European Union have their own set of rules for you to become a permanent resident. Under the European legislation, EU nationals are allowed to move from one EU nation to another, and attain PR after residing there for a period of five years. For migrants from third world nations, PR can be attained as per the directive (2003/109/EC). 

Proof of a permanent settlement

People granted PR in a country are usually awarded some kind of documentary proof of this status. While some countries merely stamped the migrant’s passport designating him PR status, exempting them from immigration control and allowing them freedom to work without restriction. Others simply issue photo ID proof, place a visa sticker or certificate of residence in the person’s passport, or issue a letter to substantiate their permanent resident status. For instance, In Canada, migrants are issued a permanent resident card in the form of a photo ID card.  Migrants are also provided with an official document known as the Confirmation of Permanent settlement or Record of Landing, proof of a permanent settlement conferred.

Benefits & Limitations to permanent settlement status

Different countries offer different features of permanent settlement status to migrants. For instance, in the European Union, individuals are accorded benefits like tax incentives, the right to buy and rent properties in Europe, business expansion in Europe, high quality education in European universities, and Visa free travel with an EU residence permit.  In Canada, a person with PR has a right to renew their visa after 5 years, permission to bring dependents, free education for children, global healthcare facilities, and freedom to initiate business. 

Although an individual with PR possesses similar rights to that of a citizen, there are certain important limitations to the same, namely:

  • No voting rights (UK’s commonwealth citizens and New Zealand allows voting)
  • No right to stand for public office (European Union citizens possessing a PR in a EU state are permitted to stand in local and European elections)
  • Prohibition on holding public sector employment. However, Canada and New Zealand permit the same.
  • Prohibition on applying for jobs involving national security.
  • No right to own certain types of real estate
  • No issuance of passport of that country

Nonetheless, individuals with a PR may apply for citizenship by naturalisation after a particular period of permanent settlement (mostly, five years) in the host country. Some countries even permit Dual/multiple citizenship.

Seek Assistance from “Irish Expert”

At Irish Expert, we have an array of experienced team members who help people immigrate to various countries around the world. We understand the individual requirements and challenges associated with the immigration policy of each country. And thus can provide you with the best guidance to streamline your journey.

What are we and why choose us?

Irish Expert was founded in 2017 with the goal of giving dreamers like us, wings to work or settle overseas.

Irish Expert has been able to meet the clients’ demands holistically and provide services that meet their expectations. Head, heart, and hands – all working to fulfill dreams to each individual or corporate.  

Our immigration advisors and lawyers are professionals at handling visa and immigration applications for all major locations, including the United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates, and India. Over a 6 + years of successful visa application (whether work visa, study visa, or travel visa) assistance to thousands of candidates ensures efficiency and effectiveness in visa approvals for us. Every case is unique, as are the method and criteria. When necessary, we ensure that all relevant parties coordinate.

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